Adverb is the Part of Speech that qualifies an Adjective, a Verb or other Adverb. An Adverb does not qualify a Noun or a Pronoun. This work is done by an Adjective.
Adverbs can be divided in two categories; 1) Simple Adverbs and 2) Interrogative Adverbs.
1) Simple Adverbs: – Adverbs that simply qualify a Verb, an Adjective or other Adverb are called Simple Adverbs.
Simple Adverbs can be differentiated from each other depending on their meaning;
- Adverbs of Manner or State or Quality: – This type of Adverbs shows in what manner a thing is done or in what state a thing exists; such as,
You did it well. You did it thus (in this way), You did it together. You did the work slowly, but wisely. You all did it alike (the same way). You acted nicely.
N.B: – Adverbs belong to this class often formed by adding ‘ly’ to the Adjectives, like slow, slowly; wise, wisely; nice, nicely, soft, softly; happy, happily; etc.
- Adverbs of Quantity: – This type of Adverbs shows to what extent a thing is done; such as,
You are quite brave. I have almost recovered. You are the only person who did the work.
He is very sick. You have talked enough.
This movie is far the best. I am a little annoyed with you.
I am extremely happy. They are entirely satisfied.
- Adverbs of Numbers: – This type of Adverbs shows in what order or how often a thing is done.
I went there thrice. He came to my house once. He eats four times a day.
I go there sometimes. He often came. You came seldom.
I never went to his house. She came no more to my house. You went there again.
The kid brought firstly a pencil, secondly a chalk and thirdly a slate.
- Adverbs of Time: – This type of Adverbs shows for how long or when a thing is done.
You did this before. I did it afterwards.
I have already done this. You did it long ago.
She was sick then, but is much better now.
You came early but went late. At last you came. I went soon.
You came at once. He has came to-day. They went yesterday.
You have to come hourly. I will go tomorrow.
I go to school daily.
Meanwhile my daughter will stay with me.
- Adverbs of Place: – This type of Adverbs shows in what place or where a thing is done.
She is not here, but there. She was nowhere to be found.
You went backwards, but you should go forwards.
I stood before not behind.
Some of them stood near, others beyond and others around.
We will come here, if you will go there.
You stood aside. I will send you away. I looked for him everywhere.
- Affirming or Denying Adverbs: – This type of Adverbs expresses denying or affirming of something; such as,
I shall surely come. She will probably go.
I answered yes. You answered no. Perhaps they will go.
2) Interrogative Adverbs: – Adverbs that are used for asking some questions are called Interrogative Adverbs; like,
¨ State or Manner: – How did you do this?
¨ Number: – How many days in a week?
¨ Quantity: – How far we have to go?
¨ Time: – How long will they stay here? When did they come?
¨ Place: – Where do you stay?
¨ Cause: – Why did you do that?
N.B: – Sometimes Interrogative Adverbs are used in a Relative sense; these are called Relative Adverbs. The antecedent Noun to which they are related may be either expressed or omitted.
- The antecedent expressed
This is the house where we stay.
Let me tell you the time when I shall go.
- The antecedent omitted.
This is (= the house in which) where we stay.
Let me tell you when (= the time by which) I shall go.
Sometimes ‘the’ is used as a Relative Adverb; provided it should be place prior to an adverb or an adjective in Comparison Degree and provided a same combination of ‘the’ with a Comparative to come after it. This ‘the’ is distinct from the Definite Article.
The sooner you come, the better for you.
The more you study, the better result you can expect.
The nearer the bone, the sweeter the meat.
In the above sentences, the first ‘the’ is a Relative Adverb, the second ‘the’ is a Simple Adverb.