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Archive for the 'Eighth Grade' Category

Knowledge That A 8th Grader Should Have

  1. Posted by Max in Eighth Grade |
  2. November 18th, 2009 |
  3. Comments off

English Language Arts

  • Read, understand, and analyze a wide variety of fiction and non fiction texts
  • Use reading comprehension strategies to deepen their understanding of texts
  • Identify and analyze literary elements in the genres of poetry, fiction, and drama
  • Participate actively and thoughtfully in class discussions by posing questions, making contributions, and listening to the ideas of others
  • Give oral presentations that are organized, coherent, and demonstrate an awareness of audience
  • Understand and acquire new vocabulary by using context clues as well as knowledge of Greek and Latin roots
  • Use the writing process, including drafting, revising, editing, and publishing, to produce writing that demonstrates a sense of audience, purpose, and craft
  • Produce a variety of written compositions that demonstrate the development of voice, clear focus, coherent organization, and sufficient detail (including stories, scripts, poems, research reports, as well as narrative and analytical essays)
  • Use the conventions of Standard English in writing, revising, and editing

Social Studies

  • Articulate the importance of our founding documents and their impact on America in both the past and present
  • Explain, analyze, and evaluate how social, political, cultural, geographic and economic differences led to sectional conflicts resulting in the Civil War and Reconstruction
  • Explain and analyze the contributions of key groups of people, including Africans, Irish, Chinese, in the building of America
  • Critically evaluate different perspectives of the same historical events
  • Distinguish historical fact from opinion
  • Identify long-term and short-term cause and effect relationships
  • Locate and interpret primary source materials
  • Research a topic in depth using a variety of resources, including print and internet

Visual Arts

  • Use a variety of media, materials, and techniques to create art
  • Observe the world in inventive ways
  • Understand art within historical and cultural context
  • Describe the elements and principles of design
  • Draft, revise, polish, and exhibit work
  • Respond critically to artwork
  • Know that art may serve many purposes
  • Recognize the roles of artists in communities
  • See the effects of style
  • Use technology in art
  • Make connections with between visual art and other areas of learning

Mathematics

Number Sense

  • Apply the rules of powers and roots to the solution of problems, and extend the Order of Operations to include positive integer exponents and square roots

Algebra

  • Translate real life situations into linear equations and inequalities ; use various methods to solve these equations, including graphing, combining equations, and substitution
  • Construct tables, graphs, and symbolic equations that represent linear relationships
  • Represent exponential growth and decay with tables, graphs, words and symbols (i.e. exponents and scientific notation)
  • Solve quadratic functions with tables, graphs, factoring, and the quadratic formula
  • Analyze various kinds of equations to identify the patterns of change and represent this information in tables and graphs

Measurement and Geometry

  • Determine when lines are parallel or perpendicular by looking at patterns in their graphs and equations and at the coordinate points that satisfy their equations
  • Use and apply geometric properties of plane figures, including congruence and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve a variety of problems

Data, Statistics, and Probability

  • Use the process of statistical investigation to represent, find measures, and solve problems involving statistical data
  • Determine the experimental and theoretical probability of simple events

Science

Physical Science

Forces and Motion

  • the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction, and speed;
  • when forces are balanced, motion does not change; when they are unbalanced, forces transfer energy to or from an object causing change in motion; and
  • Energy exists in different interchangeable forms including mechanical (kinetic and potential), heat, chemical, electromagnetic, and nuclear.

Earth Science

Astronomy

  • Most objects in the solar system are in regular and predictable motion, and these motions explain such phenomena as the day, year, phases of the moon, eclipses and seasons;
  • Gravity is a theory that helps to explain the motion and formation of objects in the universe;
  • Our sun, which is a medium-sized star, is one star of billions of stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way, which is one of billions of galaxies in the universe

Life Science

Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity is the passage of genetic instructions in genes from parents to offspring;
  • all living things reproduce, asexually or sexually, which enables the continuation of species; and
  • Evolution is a process of change in a population of living things over time, driven by the process of natural selection.